The province of Ontario is one of Canada’s thirteen provinces and territories. It is Canada’s most populated province, accounting for 38.3 percent of the country’s population, and the second-largest in terms of total area (after Quebec). North Team, tv installation company, has crafted useful information and resources about Ontario.

When the territory of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are counted, Ontario is Canada’s fourth-largest province in terms of total area. Ottawa, the nation’s capital, and Toronto, the country’s most populous city and Ontario’s regional capital, are also located here.

Ontario borders on the west of Manitoba province, on the north on Hudson Bay and on James Bay, on the east and on the north-east of Québec, and on the south on the United States of Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York (from west to east).

The 2,700 km (1,678 miles) boundary of Ontario with the United States is almost entirely bordered by inland waters: west of Lake of Woods and east of the greater Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence Rivers. Amungeon River, Pigeon River, Superior Lake, St. Mary’s River, Huron Lake, St Clair River, St. Clair Lake, St. Clair Lake, Erie Lake, Niagara River, Lake Ontario, and Kingston St. Lawrence River.


Ontario had a population of 13,448,494 people residing in 5,169,174 of its 5,598,391 total households in 2016, down 4.6 percent from its 2011 population of 12,851,821. In 2016, it had a density of population of 14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi) on a land area of 908,607.67 km2 (350,815.38 sq mi). Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, Kitchener, London, and Oshawa are the province’s most populous cities, each with over 300,000 residents.

Instead of the dual responses, the figures below add up to more than 100%. (e.g., “French and Canadian” response generate an entry both in the category “French Canadian” and in the category “Canadian”).


In 2004, Ontario was the largest industrial province in Canada, accounting for 52 percent of overall national manufacturing shipments. Michigan is Ontario’s main trade partner in the United States. Moody’s assigned an AA2/stable rating to Ontario debt in April 2012, while S&P assigned an AA- rating. In January 2013, the Dominion Bond Rating Service assigned it an AA(low) rating. Ontario’s public debt-to-GDP ratio is forecast to be 38.4% in the fiscal year 2023–2024, despite its long history as a bastion of Canadian production and financial stability.

The wealth of freshwater tourism and wilderness located therein fair proximity to the major urban centers contributes greatly to the economy of Central Ontario, which peaks during the summer months. Hunting, hiking, and snowmobiling are common at other times of the year.

This area has some of the most colorful fall colors shows on the globe, and tours geared toward international tourists are available to see them. Tourism is also important in border cities with major casinos, such as Windsor, Cornwall, Sarnia, and Niagara Falls, which draws millions of tourists from the United States and other countries.

Country Canada
Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st, with Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick)
Capital Toronto
Largest metro Greater Toronto Area

 • Type Constitutional monarchy
 • Body Government of Ontario
 • Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell
 • Premier Doug Ford (PC)
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Federal representation Parliament of Canada
House seats 121 of 338 (35.8%)
Senate seats 24 of 105 (22.9%)

 • Total 1,076,395 km2 (415,598 sq mi)
 • Land 917,741 km2 (354,342 sq mi)
 • Water 158,654 km2 (61,257 sq mi)  14.7%
Area rank Ranked 4th
10.8% of Canada

 • Total 13,448,494 [1]
 • Estimate 

(2021 Q1)
14,755,211 [3]
 • Rank Ranked 1st
 • Density 14.65/km2 (37.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ontarian[4]
Official languages English (de facto)[5]

 • Rank 1st
 • Total (2015) CA$763.276 billion[6]
 • Per capita CA$59,879 (7th)

 • HDI (2018) 0.929[7] — Very high (3rd)
Time zones
East of 90th meridian west UTC-05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-04:00 (EDT)
West of 90th meridian west, except Atikokan and Pickle Lake UTC-06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-05:00 (CDT)
Atikokan and Pickle Lake (No DST) UTC-05:00 (EST)
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 code CA-ON
Flower White trillium
Tree Eastern white pine
Bird Common loon